1D, 2D, 3D, and Active Materials for Potential Energy Applications
Vincent Crespi, PSU
Future energy applications require materials with extreme mechanical properties per unit mass, finely tuned electronic and optical properties, and new means of controlling thermal transport at the nanoscale. One-dimensional carbon nanothreads, two-dimensional systems that deform in the third dimension, and three-dimensional "metalattices" with nanometer-scale structural order may provide routes to addressing these challenges. Active materials, which exploit free energy sources to drive active motility, suggest intriguing longer-term strategies for energy transduction across the length scales.